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Hamm, S. (2003, March). The best of times—the worst of times: Lessons learned and challenges in DE for K-S4. Presentation at the annual conference of the Manitoba Association for Distributed Learning and Training, Winnipeg, MN.

A presentation about on an online teacher's experiences with the development and delivery of an online course where they discussed the benefits and challenges, along with proposing strategies to prevent problems.

Harper, S. & Harte, K. (2008, April). Successful second language at a distance. Presentation at the Virtual School Society annual conference, Vancouver, BC.

A presentation discussing language education using the Alberta Distance Learning Center where the presenters shared their experiences and achievements in various modes of course delivery to meet students' diverse needs.

Harrison , G., & Barbour, M. K. (2001). Bridging the home and school: A partnership between a homeschooler and a Canadian school. Pennsylvania Homeschoolers Association Newsletter, Spring. Harrisburg, PA: Pennsylvania Homeschoolers Association.

An article that describes how two homeschool students in an American state enrolled in a district-based virtual school in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Harrison, M. K. (2005). Developing a model and evaluation tool for the laboratory component of K-12 senior science courses delivered by distributed learning methods. Unpublished Master's Thesis, Royal Roads University, Victoria, BC.

A paper focusing on science education delivered at a distance and how online environments should be designed to help students develop their laboratory skills such as scientific investigation, data collection, analysis and reporting.

Haughey, M., Murphy, E. & Muirhead, B. (2008). Open schooling. In T. Evans, M. Haughey & D. Murphy (Eds.), International Handbook of Distance Education (pp. 147-165). Oxford, UK: Elsevier Inc.

Haughey, M. (2005). Growth of online schooling in Canada. In C. Howard, J. Boettcher, L. Justice, K. Schenk, P. L. Rogers & G. A. Berg (Eds.), Encyclopedia of distance learning, (vol. 2, pp. 984-989). Hersey, PA: Idea Group, Inc.

An encyclopedia entry comparing the development of online learning in Canada with the United States, discussing briefly the growth of virtual schools in each Canadian province, and analyzing various issues (such as professional development support, the need for a bandwidth, student autonomy, the quality of learning, among others).

Haughey, M., & Muirhead, W. (2004). Managing virtual schools: The Canadian experience. In C. Cavanaugh (Ed.), Development and management of virtual schools: Issues and trends (pp. 50-67). Hersey, PA: Idea Group, Inc.

A chapter describing the virtual school experience in Canada. The authors present an overview of virtual schooling in Canada from the initial project in the Province of Alberta to its rapid development across the country; discussing administrative issues and technological trends that effect teaching and learning in a web based environment.

Haughey, M., & Purdy, D. (2002). Online learning review. Report to the online advisory committee. Alberta infrastructure & Alberta learning. Edmonton, AB.

Haughey, M. (1999). Pan-Canadian research options: New information technologies and learning. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Education Statistics Council. Retrieved October 17, 2008, from 1999/99Haughey_e.pdf

Haughey, M. (2002, May). Canadian research on information and communication technologies: A state of the field. A paper prepared at the Pan-Canada Education and Research Symposium , Montreal, QC. Retrieved on April 7, 2008 from and January 12, 2009 from

A paper that reviewed Canadian research on information and communication technologies used in education since 1996. The paper noted a shift in research from the structure of technology to a focus on pedagogical possibilities and policy concerns.

Haughey, M. (2000). Pan-Canadian research opportunities: New information technologies and learning. In W. Hunter (Ed.), A pan-Canadian research agenda (pp. 121-136). Ottawa, ON: Canadian Society for the Study of Education.

Haughey, M., & Muirhead, W. (1999). On-line learning: Best practices for Alberta school jurisdictions. Edmonton, AB: Government of Alberta. Retrieved September 21, 2008 from

A draft report that investigated Alberta’s virtual school system. The report focused on describing the various online models and delivery formats that emerged within the province, and identifying common practices and current issues both within Canada and internationally.

Haughey, M., & Fenwick, T. (1996). Issues in forming school district consortia to provide distance education: Lessons from Alberta. Journal of Distance Education, 11(1). Retrieved on September 21, 2008 from

A paper discussing three consortia of distance education in Alberta area: Big Sky Consortium, Central East Distance Education Consortium and West Central Alberta Distance Education Consortium. Based on the practical experiences in the three consortia, this paper presented the main issues faced in forming of consortia and implications were also drawn.

Hawkey, C. & Kuehn, L. (2007). BCTF research report - The working conditions of BC teachers working in distributed learning: Investigating current issues, concerns, and practices . Vancouver: BC: British Columbia Teachers’ Federation. Retrieved January 6, 2008 from

A research report prepared for the British Columbia Teachers Federation. This report investigated distributive learning, focused on the impact of provincial government policy, the current practices and working conditions of teachers and the development of technology and its applications at the local level.

Hazzard, L. & Palmeter, M. (2007, May). An overview of the provincial e-learning strategy. Presentation at the Leading Learning Conference, Toronto, ON.

A presentation providing an overview of Ontario provincial eLearning strategy, including describing resources available through the Ontario Educational Resource Bank and discussing the secondary school eLearning courses and collaborative tools delivered through the provincial Learning Management System.

Healey, D., & Stevens, K. (2002). Student access to information technology and perceptions of future opportunities in two small Labrador communities. Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, 28(1). Retrieved on June 21, 2005 from

A paper focused on student education in geographically isolated rural communities. This study examined student perceptions on using information technology for their study and career.

Hickey, A., Rose, A., & Mercer, A. (2008, May). E-teaching and learning in arts education - Newfoundland and Labrador. A paper presented at the Memorial University of Newfoundland Faculty of Education Symposium, St. John's, NL. Retrieved on November 29, 2008 from,_Hickey__Mercer.pdf

A paper focused on e-teaching of arts education in Newfoundland and Labrador. The authors provided an overview of arts education in the province, analyzed the available technologies, and demonstrated how technology can be used for high school music teaching and arts teachers' professional development. The authors also reported that the need for more instructional expertise and leadership within arts education professions should be recognized.

Holloway, D. (2004). The student experience of learning Advanced Placement Calculus AB in a web-based environment. Unpublished Master's Thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL. Retrieved on March 13, 2009 from

A master thesis focused on examining students' learning experiences in a web-based Advanced Placement Calculus AB course in Newfoundland and Labrador that compares official AP Calculus AB examinations from 1988 and 1997. The thesis also provides recommendations and suggestions for the improvement of learning calculus based upon a study of 15 students and an instructor.

Hood, D. (2005, February). AMDEC: Professional development in a virtual setting. Presentation at the Leading Learning Conference, Toronto, ON.

A presentation focusing on a professional development plan developed by school boards to minimize the challenges, such as staff time, driving distance and resource accessibility, to deliver an effective professional development for all staff.

Hunter, W. J. (1993). Virtual partners for a vital education. In L. Bosetti, C. Webber & F. T. Johnson (Eds.), Partnerships in education: Trends and opportunities. Calgary, AB: University of Calgary. Retrieved on November 29, 2008 from

An article discussing the role of virtual partners in online education and how the communications through virtual reality impacts people in the real world. The concerns and issued addressed in the article included technological fundamentals in Canada and current developmental situations and limitations. the author believed that developing the virtual partnership will eventually benefit those who would like to try and overcome the difficulties during the process.

Hunter, W. J. & Smith, R. (2001). Virtual schooling: Integrating schooling into technology. In B. R. C. Barrell (Ed.), Technology, teaching and learning: Issues in the integration of technology (pp. 197-219). Calgary, AB: Detselig Enterprises Ltd..

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