Back / Project Home / Home

Ballas, F. A., & Belyk, D. (2000). Student achievement and performance levels in online education research study. Red Deer, AB: Schollie Research & Consulting. Retrieved July 31, 2005 from http://www.ataoc.ca/files/pdf/AOCresearch_full_report.pdf

A report of a research focused on the K-12 current online practices within the Alberta online community. The research examined student performances in the online practice and also evaluated the students' reasons of enrolling into online courses, student satisfactions and etc.

Barbour, M. K. (2009). State of the nation study: K-12 online learning in Canada. Vienna, VA: International Council for K-12 Online Learning. Retrieved November 19, 2009 from http://www.inacol.org/research/docs/iNACOL_CanadaStudy_200911.pdf

Barbour, M. K., & Mulcahy, D. (2009). Time and responsibility: Examining the volunteer workload of school-based personnel in one distance education program. In Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology. Bloomington, IN: AECT.

Barbour, M. K., & Mulcahy, D. (2009, October). Time and responsibility: Examining the volunteer workload of school-based personnel in one distance education program. Roundtable presented at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Louisville, KY.

Barbour, M. K. & Mulcahy, D. (2009, May). Teacher volunteerism and good will: Local teachers to distance education responsibilities. Paper presented at the annual Canadian Society for the Study of Education conference, Ottawa, ON.

Barbour, M. K., & Mulcahy, D. (2009). Beyond volunteerism and good will: Examining the commitment of school-based teachers to distance education. In I. Gibson et al. (Eds.), Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education (779-784). Norfolk, VA: AACE.

Barbour, M. K., & Mulcahy, D. (2009, March). Beyond volunteerism and good will: Examining the commitment of school-based teachers to distance education. Paper presented at the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Charleston, SC.

Barbour, M. K., & Mulcahy, D. (2009). Student performance in virtual schooling: Looking beyond the numbers. ERS Spectrum, 27(1), 23-30.

Barbour, M. K., & Stewart, R. (2009, January). A snapshot state of the nation: K-12 online learning in Canada. Invited presentation by the Canadian Institute of Distance Education Research, http://cider.athabascau.ca/CIDERSessions/mkbarbour/AudioConvert_1231363643702.mp3

Barbour, M. K., & Stewart, R. (2008, December). Virtual schooling in Canada: A review of provincial policies and activities. Webinar presentation to the International Association for K-12 Online Learning. https://sas.elluminate.com/p.jnlp?psid=2008-12-10.1124.M.0A5EF1C5F6142DE7E20523CCC1435E.vcr

Barbour, M. K., McLaren, A., & Zhang, L. (2008, November). Secondary students perceptions of web-based learning. Paper presentation at the annual World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education, Las Vegas, NV.

Barbour, M. K., McLaren, A., & Zhang, L. (2008). Secondary students perceptions of web-based learning. Proceedings of the World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education (2486-2495). Norfolk, VA: AACE.

Barbour, M. K. (2008, November). What are they doing and how are they doing it? Rural student experiences in virtual schooling. Paper presentation at the annual World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education, Las Vegas, NV.

Barbour, M. K. (2008). What are they doing and how are they doing it? Rural student experiences in virtual schooling. Proceedings of the World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education (2496-2503). Norfolk, VA: AACE.

Barbour, M. K., & Stewart, R. (2008, October). Virtual schooling in Canada: A comprehensive review of provincial policies and activities. Paper presented at the annual Virtual School Symposium, Phoenix, AZ.

Barbour, M. K., & Stewart, R. (2008). A snapshot state of the nation study: K-12 online learning in Canada. Vienna, VA: North American Council for Online Learning

Barbour, M. K., & Mulcahy, D. (2008, March). Student performance in virtual schooling: Looking beyond the numbers. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New York.

Barbour, M. K. (2007, November). What are they doing and how are they doing it? Paper presented at the annual Virtual School Symposium, Louisville, KY.

A presentation of dissertation research focused on a case study of seven rural school students enrolled in a supplemental virtual school program in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. The study examined what students did during their scheduled synchronous and asynchronous classes, along with where they turned for content-based assistance.

Barbour, M. K. (2007, October). Lessons learned in researching virtual schools: The Newfoundland and Labrador experience . Invited presentation by the Canadian Institute of Distance Education Research, http://klaatu-dev.pc.athabascau.ca/elluminate/cidersession-071005.jnlp

A presentation that focused on the growth of an individual researcher over the course of almost a dozen different research projects into virtual schooling in Newfoundland and Labrador. The presentation paid particular attention to the development of more appropriate methodologies over the researcher's career this far.

Barbour, M. K. & Rich, P. (2007). Social constructivist e-learning: A case study. International Electronic Journal for Leadership in Learning, 11 (5). Retrieved on July 17, 2007 from http://www.ucalgary.ca/~iejll/volume11/barbour.htm

An article on a project in a district-based virtual high school in the provincial of Newfoundland and Labrador using Knowledge Forum, an electronic group workspace. The study focused upon how these Advanced Placement (AP) students used the workspace as a way to build collection knowledge on how to complete the required AP document-based exam question.

Barbour, M. K. (2007). Teacher and developer perceptions of effective web-based design for secondary school students. Journal of Distance Education, 21(3), 93-114. Retrieved on June 8, 2007 from http://www.jofde.ca/index.php/jde/article/view/30

An article that examined the perceptions of virtual school teachers and course developers in Newfoundland and Labrador on what constituted effective web-based design for secondary school students. The results of this study generated seven principles that developers could utilize.

Barbour, M. K. (2007). What are they doing and how are they doing it? Rural student experiences in virtual schooling. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation. University of Georgia, Athens, GA.

A dissertation focused on a case study of seven rural school students enrolled in a supplemental virtual school program in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. The study examined what students did during their scheduled synchronous and asynchronous classes, along with where they turned for content-based assistance.

Barbour, M. K. & Mulcahy, D. (2007, April). How are they doing? Examining student achievement in virtual schooling. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Chicago, IL.

A paper presentation that examined differences in student achievement between web-based and brick-and-mortar courses in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. Using a population of students over a three year period, the student found no difference between the two groups of students in both end of course marks and standardized exam scores.

Barbour, M. K. (2007). Portrait of rural virtual schooling. Canadian Journal of Educational Administration and Policy , (59). Retrieved on February 11, 2007 from http://www.umanitoba.ca/publications/cjeap/articles/barbour.html

An article that described the nature of virtual schooling in one rural school in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. This description outlines the smallness of rural schooling in the province and the need for distance education to allow students to simply complete the provincial graduation requirements.

Barbour, M. K. (2007, January). What are they doing? How are they doing it? Rural secondary students learning in a virtual school. Paper presented at the annual Conference on Interdisciplinary Qualitative Studies, Athens , GA.

A presentation of dissertation research that focused on a case study of seven rural school students enrolled in a supplemental virtual school program in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. The study examined what students did during their scheduled synchronous and asynchronous classes, along with where they turned for content-based assistance.

Barbour, M. K. (2006, November). Students perceptions of online learning. Paper presentation at the annual Virtual School Symposium, Plano, TX.

A presentation that examined the benefits and challenges, along with the skills necessary to be successful, as perceived by students in the virtual school in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Barbour, M. K. (2006, November). Lessons learned in virtual schooling: The Newfoundland experience. Paper presentation at the annual Virtual School Symposium, Plano, TX.

A presentation that focused on a variety of themes from almost a dozen different research projects into virtual schooling in province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Barbour, M. K. & Gillis, L. B. (2006, November). Taking it from good…to better…to best in online course design. Paper presentation at the annual Virtual School Symposium, Plano, TX.

A presentation that examined principles of effective web-based design for secondary school students in a variety of settings from a variety of sources.

Barbour, M. K. (2006, October). Secondary students perceptions of web-based learning. Roundtable session at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Dallas, TX.

A presentation that examined the benefits and challenges, along with the skills necessary to be successful, as perceived by students in the virtual school in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Barbour, M. K. (2006, October). What are they doing? How are they doing it?. Roundtable session at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Dallas, TX.

A presentation of dissertation research that focused on a case study of seven rural school students enrolled in a supplemental virtual school program in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. The study examined what students did during their scheduled synchronous and asynchronous classes, along with where they turned for content-based assistance.

Barbour, M. K. (2006, October). Effective web-based design for secondary school students. Roundtable session at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Dallas, TX.

A presentation that examined the perceptions of virtual school teachers and course developers in Newfoundland and Labrador on what constituted effective web-based design for secondary school students. The results of this study generated seven principles that developers could utilize.

Barbour, M. K. (2006). Book review of Virtual schools: Planning for success and Development and management of virtual schools: Issues and trends. American Journal of Distance Education, 20(2), 119-121.

A book review that compared Berge's and Clark's Virtual schools: Planning for success and Cavanaugh's Development and management of virtual schools: Issues and trends.

Barbour, M. K. & Mulcahy, D. (2006). An inquiry into retention and achievement differences in campus based and web based AP courses. Rural Educator, 27(3), 8-12.

An article that examined differences in student achievement between web-based and brick-and-mortar Advanced Placement courses in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. In addition to the web-based and classroom comparison, differences in rural and urban students in both delivery models were also considered.

Barbour, M. K. (2006). Book review of Development and management of virtual schools: Issues and trends. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 7(1). Retrieved June 13, 2006 from http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/307/482

A book review of Cathy Cavanaugh's Development and management of virtual schools: Issues and trends.

Barbour, M. K. (2006, May). Lessons learned in virtual schooling: The Newfoundland experience. Roundtable presented at the annual Canadian Society for the Study of Education conference, Toronto, ON.

A presentation that focused on a variety of themes from almost a dozen different research projects into virtual schooling in province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Barbour, M. K. & Mulcahy, D. (2006, April). An inquiry into achievement differences in traditional and virtual high school courses. Roundtable presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco, CA.

A paper presentation that examined differences in student achievement between web-based and brick-and-mortar courses in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. Using a population of students over a three year period, the student found no difference between the two groups of students in both end of course marks and standardized exam scores.

Barbour, M. K. (2005). Teacher and developer perceptions of effective web-based design for secondary school students. Proceedings of the Southeastern Conference in Instructional Design and Technology (CD-Rom). Mobile, AL: University of South Alabama.

A proceedings from a presentation that examined the perceptions of virtual school teachers and course developers in Newfoundland and Labrador on what constituted effective web-based design for secondary school students. The results of this study generated seven principles that developers could utilize.

Barbour, M. K. (2005). Perceptions of effective web-based design for secondary school students: A narrative analysis of previously collected data. The Morning Watch, 32(3-4). Retrieved November 04, 2005 from http://www.mun.ca/educ/faculty/mwatch/win05/Barbour.htm

An article that examined the perceptions of virtual school teachers and course developers in Newfoundland and Labrador on what constituted effective web-based design for secondary school students. The results of this study were generated using a narrative analysis methodology.

Barbour, M. K., & Mulcahy, D. (2005, April). An inquiry into retention and achievement differences in campus based and web based AP courses. Roundtable presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Montreal, QC.

A presentation that examined differences in student achievement between web-based and brick-and-mortar Advanced Placement courses in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. In addition to the web-based and classroom comparison, differences in rural and urban students in both delivery models were also considered.

Barbour, M. K. (2005, March). Teacher and developer perceptions of effective web-based design for secondary school students. Paper presented at the annual Southeastern Conference in Instructional Design and Technology, Mobile, AL .

A presentation that examined the perceptions of virtual school teachers and course developers in Newfoundland and Labrador on what constituted effective web-based design for secondary school students. The results of this study generated seven principles that developers could utilize.

Barbour, M. K. (2005). From telematics to web-based: The progression of distance education in Newfoundland and Labrador. British Journal of Educational Technology, 36(6), 1055-1058.

An article that outlined the development of distance education in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador from a traditional audiographics or telematics system to a province-wide virtual school.

Barbour, M. K. (2005). The design of web-based courses for secondary students. Journal of Distance Learning, 9(1). 27-36.

An article that examined the perceptions of virtual school teachers and course developers in Newfoundland and Labrador on what constituted effective web-based design for secondary school students. The results of this study generated ten principles that developers could utilize.

Barbour, M. K., & Cooze, M. (2004, December). Learning styles and student performance in an e-learning environment. Paper presented at the annual Southern Educational Technology Conference, Fayetteville, AR.

A presentation that examined how a variety of learning style theories can be applied to the design of web-based instruction and the affect that those learning theories have upon student performance a single course over a two year period in a virtual school in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Barbour, M. K., & Cooze, M. (2004). Learning styles and web-based design for secondary students. Proceedings of the World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education (14-21). Norfolk, VA : AACE.

A proceedings from a presentation that examined how a variety of learning style theories can be applied to the design of web-based instruction and the affect that those learning theories have upon student performance a single course over a two year period in a virtual school in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Barbour, M. K., & Rich, P. (2004). Social constructivist e-learning: A case study. Proceedings of the World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education (1754-1759). Norfolk, VA: AACE.

A proceedings from a presentation on a project in a district-based virtual high school in the provincial of Newfoundland and Labrador using Knowledge Forum, an electronic group workspace. The study focused upon how these Advanced Placement (AP) students used the workspace as a way to build collection knowledge on how to complete the required AP document-based exam question.

Barbour, M. K., & Cooze, M. (2004, November). Learning styles and web-based design for secondary students. Paper presented at the annual World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education, Washington, DC.

A presentation that examined how a variety of learning style theories can be applied to the design of web-based instruction and the affect that those learning theories have upon student performance a single course over a two year period in a virtual school in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Barbour, M. K., & Rich, P. (2004, November). Social constructivist e-learning: A case study. Paper presented at the annual World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education, Washington, DC.

A presentation on a project in a district-based virtual high school in the provincial of Newfoundland and Labrador using Knowledge Forum, an electronic group workspace. The study focused upon how these Advanced Placement (AP) students used the workspace as a way to build collection knowledge on how to complete the required AP document-based exam question.

Barbour, M. K. (2004). Lessons on designing web-based courses for K-12 students based upon individual learning styles. Proceedings of the Annual Conference on Distance Teaching and Learning. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin-Madison.

A proceeding from a presentation that examined how a variety of learning style theories can be applied to the design of web-based instruction and the affect that those learning theories have upon student performance a single course over a two year period in a virtual school in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Barbour, M. K., & Mulcahy, D. (2004, April). The rural AP advantage. Roundtable presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Diego, CA.

A presentation that examined differences in student achievement between web-based and brick-and-mortar Advanced Placement courses in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. In addition to the web-based and classroom comparison, differences in rural and urban students in both delivery models were also considered.

Barbour, M. K., & Cooze, M. (2004). All for one and one for all: Designing web-based courses for students based upon individual learning styles. Staff and Educational Development International, 8(2/3), 95-108.

An article that examined how a variety of learning style theories can be applied to the design of web-based instruction and the affect that those learning theories have upon student performance a single course in a virtual school in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Barbour, M. K. (2004, February). Learning styles and student performance in an e-learning environment. Paper presented at the annual Illinois Online Conference for Teaching and Learning, http://www.ilonlineconf.org/

A presentation that examined how a variety of learning style theories can be applied to the design of web-based instruction and the affect that those learning theories have upon student performance a single course over a two year period in a virtual school in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Barbour, M. K., & Mulcahy, D. (2004). The role of mediating teachers in Newfoundland's new model of distance education. The Morning Watch, 32(1). Retrieved February 3, 2004 from http://www.mun.ca/educ/faculty/mwatch/fall4/barbourmulcahy.htm

An article that examined the role of school-based teachers in the newly created virtual school in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. This article also examined the results of surveys completed by these school-based teachers in a single school district after the virtual school's first year of operation.

Barbour, M. K., & Cooze, M. (2003). Learning styles and student performance in an e-learning environment. Proceedings of the World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education (871-874). Norfolk, VA: AACE.

A proceedings from a presentation that examined how a variety of learning style theories can be applied to the design of web-based instruction and the affect that those learning theories have upon student performance a single course in a virtual school in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Barbour, M. K., & Cooze, M. (2003, November). Learning styles and student performance in an e-learning environment. Paper presented at the annual World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education, Phoenix, AZ.

A presentation that examined how a variety of learning style theories can be applied to the design of web-based instruction and the affect that those learning theories have upon student performance a single course in a virtual school in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Barbour, M. K., & Kinsella, J. (2003). From Newfoundland to Illinois: The development of an AP European history course for the Illinois virtual high school. Journal of the Illinois Council for the Social Studies, 63 , 25-35.

An article that described how a partnership between a district-wide virtual school in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador and a class from a traditional American high school led to the creation of a web-based Advanced Placement European History course for the Illinois Virtual High School.

Barbour, M. K., & Cooze, M. (2003, June). Effects of different learning styles in eLearning environments. Paper presented at the annual Canadian Association for Distance Education conference, St. John's, NL.

A presentation that examined how a variety of learning style theories can be applied to the design of web-based instruction and the affect that those learning theories have upon student performance a single course in a virtual school in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Barbour, M. K. (2003, June). Tele-teaching advanced placement social studies courses in an asynchronous manner. Paper presented at the annual Canadian Association for Distance Education conference, St. John's, NL.

A presentation that described how a district-wide virtual school was utilized as a way to provide increased access to Advanced Placement courses for rural students in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Barbour, M. K. (2002). Online learning opportunities - The middle school challenge. Principal's Electronic Desk, 14 August 2002. Retrieved on March 5, 2005 from http://www.myped.net/wwwsite/sections/middle/2002-08-13-15-53-47_article.jhtml

An article that described how a district-wide virtual school was utilized as a way to provide increased access to Advanced Placement courses for rural students in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Barbour, M. K. (2002). Bridging the rural divide through distance education. In S. Mitchell (Ed.), Effective educational partnerships: Experts, advocates, and scouts (pp. 183-192). Westport , CT: Praeger Publishers.

A book chapter that described how a district-wide virtual school was created by a group of educators at a single rural school, funded through external grant proposals, and utilized as a way to provide increased access to Advanced Placement courses for rural students in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Barbour, M. K., & Kinsella, J. (2001, October). Teaching university level courses to pre-university students in an online environment. Presentation at the Bits and Bytes: The Evolution of Technology in Education conference, http://www.stemnet.nf.ca:8900/public/bitsandbytes/index.html

A presentations that described how a partnership between a district-wide virtual school in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador and a class from a traditional American high school was utilized as a way to provide increased access to Advanced Placement courses.

Barbour, M. K. (2001). Enrichment opportunities for gifted students in rural areas: Online AP social studies sources. Ohio Council for the Social Studies Review, 37(1), 18-26.

An article that described how a district-wide virtual school was utilized as a way to provide increased access to Advanced Placement courses for rural students in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Barker, K., & Wendel, T. (2001). e-Learning: Studying Canada's virtual secondary schools. Kelowna, BC: Society for the Advancement of Excellence in Education. Retrieved July 31, 2005 from http://www.saee.ca/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=145&Itemid=57

This study investigated the effectiveness of virtual schooling with comparisons to conventional education. The study was conducted during the 1998-2000 school years, examining nine senior schools: one conventional school and two virtual schools from each province of Alberta, British Columbia and Ontario. Data collection compared the experience and satisfaction of the participants, student achievement and course completion rates. The study provided an analysis of policy decision that influences the effectiveness of online learning

Barker, K., Wendel, T., & Richmond, M. (1999). Linking the literature: School effectiveness and virtual schools. Vancouver, BC: FuturEd. Retrieved January 14, 2008 from http://www.futured.com/pdf/Virtual.pdf

A literature review focused on virtual schools and virtual schooling. The review was the first part of a study that investigated the effectiveness of virtual secondary schools in Canada. The review divided the literature into two categories: school effectiveness and virtual education. Each category was investigated to establish a status report on the current direction of thinking. The purpose of the study was to set benchmarks for future studies and identify policy-making issues.

Betty, D., Hebert, W. S., & Sefton, D. (2002, June). Employing open and distance education learning to meet regional social needs: The northern Ontario experience. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association of Distance Education. Retrieved December 9, 2004, from http://www.cnorth.edu.on.ca/cnorth/CADE/CADE_May_2002.htm

A presentation that described the barriers of the Northern Ontario environment as it influences educational opportunities. Contact North, a consortium of education partners, addressed the challenges of distance education and the technology needed to support online learning.

Boone, W. (2008). The evolution of e-learning in small rural schools in Newfoundland and Labrador. St. John's, NL: Memorial University of Newfoundland. Retrieved on November 29, 2008 from http://www.mun.ca/killick/documents/Evolution_E_Learning_NL.pdf

An article that historically reviewed the development of small rural schools in Newfoundland and Labrador from the beginning of 1900s to the 21th century. Concerned with the characteristics of small rural schools, the main issues discussed in the article include the transition from traditional classes to distance learning, equality of education opportunity for students in rural areas, teacher education, changes of administrative roles. The article also highlighted challenges at each developmental stage and used a lot of statistical data to indicate how each transition influences the development of teaching and learning in rural areas in Newfoundland and Labrador.

Brown, L., & Fox, B. (2005, February). E Learning mathematics course, utilizing learning objects with audio and video streaming. Presentation at the Leading Learning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.

A presentation focusing on using a software application called Screenflash to develop learning objects with audio and video for online math course.

Brown, J. & Barry, M. (2008, May). The evolution of e-learning in small rural and remote schools in Newfoundland and Labrador. A paper presented at the Memorial University of Newfoundland Faculty of Education Symposium, St. John's, NL. Retrieved on November 29, 2008 from http://www.mun.ca/educ/symposium2008/Brown_Barry.pdf

An article developed based on Wilbert Boone's original report. This article also provided a chronological description about the development of small rural schools in Newfoundland and Labrador, but mainly focused on the key events and persons contributing to the development. Based on the historical review, the authors pointed out that collaborations among researchers and players and social interaction between students and teachers and among students are quite remarkable during the development.

Brown, J., Handrigan, R., Stone, G. & Downey, S. (2002). A Study of Education, Out-migration of Young Adults, and the Impact of Information and Communications Technologies on the Economies of Rural Communities in Newfoundland and Labrador [Avalon West School District]. Ottawa, ON: Rural Secretariat, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. Retrieved on April 7, 2008 from http://www.rural.gc.ca/researchreports/ed/education_e.phtml

A study conducted among Center for TeleLearning and Rural Education, Memorial University of Newfoundland, the Avalon West School District and the Avalon Alliance. The study reported the impacts of information and communication of technologies on the economic development in rural areas and also proposed a new model of a system.

Brown, J., Sheppard, B., & Stevens, K. (2000). Effective schooling in a telelearning environment. St. John's, NL: Centre for TeleLearning and Rural Education. Retrieved July 13, 2004 from http://www.tellearn.mun.ca/es_report/index.html

A report describing the distance education environment in Newfoundland and Labrador conducted by the Center for TeleLearning and Rural Education and Faculty of Education from Memorial University. The study reviewed the current environment of online learning in NL and interviewed online students, teachers, administers, parents - as well as traditional classroom students. The topics addressed in the study included student readiness for new economy, leadership and context preparations, distance education pedagogy, technical supports and future prediction. recommendations relating to the issues and challenges were given at the end.

Brown, J. & Sheppard, B. (1997, September). Developing teachers as learners in a learning society through telelearning. Open Classroom II Conference, September, 1997. Crete: Greece. (pp.155-162).

An article presenting and discussing online course delivery experiences in Memorial University for graduate students in educational leadership. The course designed and delivered were educational leadership and educational administration in 1996 through a computer conferencing software package, web forum and email. The purpose of developing the online courses was to develop teachers as learners through online learning environments and have them experience online learning process from online learners' perspectives. In the article, the authors discussed challenges, student diverse needs, instructor needs, pedagogy and infrastructure concerns. The overall experience indicated that collaborative online learning is great potential for graduate students and leads to effectively build new understanding and skills related to educational leadership.

Back / Project Home / Home